Writing an Eggdrop Module

Note: This is for a simple module of 1 source file.

  1. Create a src/mod/MODULE.mod directory in your Eggdrop directory (where MODULE is the module name) and cd to it.

  2. Copy the file ‘Makefile’ from src/mod/woobie.mod and replace all occurrences of ‘woobie’ with your module name. This should ensure that your module gets compiled.

  3. Next, you want to create a file called MODULE.c (MODULE is the module name again).

  4. You MUST include the following in your source code:

    #define MODULE_NAME "module-name"
    

This should be defined to the same name you will be using when you load your module.

#define MAKING_MODULENAME

MODULENAME is the name of your module (MODULE_NAME), but in all caps.

#include "../module.h"

This provides access to Eggdrop’s global function table. Examine src/mod/module.h closely to find a list of functions available.

#include any other standard c header files you might need.

Note that stdio.h, string.h, stdlib.h, and sys/types.h are already included.

Note that stdio.h, string.h, stdlib.h, and sys/types.h are already included.

Function *global;

This variable provides access to all the Eggdrop functions; without it, you can’t call any Eggdrop functions (the module won’t even load).

Module requirements

In most modules, all functions/variables (except global and MODULE_start) should be static. This will drastically reduce the size of modules on decent systems.

Throughout this step, MODULE refers to the module name. Note that
“MODULE_NAME” should literally be “MODULE_NAME”.

MODULE_start

char *MODULE_start(Function *func_table)

This function is called when the module is first loaded. There are
several things that need to be done in this function
global = func_table;

This allows you to make calls to the global function table.
module_register(MODULE_NAME, MODULE_table, MAJOR, MINOR);

This records details about the module for other modules and Eggdrop
itself to access. MAJOR and MINOR are ints, where MAJOR is the
module's major version number and MINOR is a minor version number.
MODULE_table is a function table (see below).
module_depend(MODULE_NAME, "another-module", MAJOR, MINOR);

This lets Eggdrop know that your module NEEDS "another-module" of
major version 'MAJOR' and at least minor version 'MINOR' to run,
and hence should try to load it if it's not already loaded. This
will return 1 on success, or 0 if it can't be done (at which stage
you should return an error).

Any other initialization stuff you desire should also be included in this function. See below for various things you can do.

You also will need to return a value. Returning NULL implies the module loaded successfully. Returning a non-NULL STRING is an error message. The module (and any other dependent modules) will stop loading and an error will be returned.

MODULE_table

static Function *MODULE_table = {
       MODULE_start,
       MODULE_close,
       MODULE_expmem,
       MODULE_report,
       any_other_functions,
       you_want_to_export
};

This is a table of functions which any other module can access. The
first 4 functions are FIXED. You MUST have them; they provide important
module information.

MODULE_close ()

static char *MODULE_close ()

This is called when the module is unloaded. Apart from tidying any
relevant data (I suggest you be thorough, we don't want any trailing
garbage from modules), you MUST do the following:
module_undepend(MODULE_NAME);

This lets Eggdrop know your module no longer depends on any other
modules.

Return a value. NULL implies success; any non-NULL STRING implies
that the module cannot be unloaded for some reason, and hence the
bot should not unload it (see the blowfish module for an example).

MODULE_expmem

static int MODULE_expmem ()

This should tally all memory you allocate/deallocate within the module
(using nmalloc, nfree, etc) in bytes. It's used by memory debugging to
track memory faults, and it is used by .status to total up memory usage.

MODULE_report

static void MODULE_report (int idx)

This should provide a relatively short report of the module's status
(for the module and status commands).

These functions are available to modules. MANY more available functions can be found in src/mod/module.h.

Additional functions

void *nmalloc(int j);

This allocates j bytes of memory.
void nfree(void *a);

This frees an nmalloc'd block of memory.
Context;

Actually a macro -- records the current position in execution (for
debugging). Using Context is no longer recommended, because it uses
too many resources and a core file provides much more information.
void dprintf(int idx, char *format, ...)

This acts like a normal printf() function, but it outputs to
log/socket/idx.

idx is a normal dcc idx, or if < 0 is a sock number.

Other destinations:
  DP_LOG    - send to log file
  DP_STDOUT - send to stdout
  DP_MODE   - send via mode queue to the server
  DP_SERVER - send via normal queue to the server
  DP_HELP   - send via help queue to server
const module_entry *module_find(char *module_name, int major, int minor);

  Searches for a loaded module (matching major, >= minor), and returns
  info about it.

  Members of module_entry:
    char *name;      - module name
    int major;       - real major version
    int minor;       - real minor version
    Function *funcs; - function table (see above)

void module_rename(char *old_module_name, char *new_module_name)

  This renames a module frim old_module_name to new_module_name.

void add_hook(int hook_num, Function *funcs)
void del_hook(int hook_num, Function *funcs)

 These are used for adding or removing hooks to/from Eggdrop code that
 are triggered on various events. Valid hooks are:
   HOOK_SECONDLY   - called every second
   HOOK_MINUTELY   - called every minute
   HOOK_5MINUTELY  - called every 5 minutes
   HOOK_HOURLY     - called every hour (hourly-updates minutes past)
   HOOK_DAILY      - called when the logfiles are switched

   HOOK_READ_USERFILE - called when the userfile is read
   HOOK_USERFILE      - called when the userfile is written
   HOOK_PRE_REHASH    - called just before a rehash
   HOOK_REHASH        - called just after a rehash
   HOOK_IDLE          - called whenever the dcc connections have been
                        idle for a whole second
   HOOK_BACKUP        - called when a user/channel file backup is done
   HOOK_LOADED        - called when Eggdrop is first loaded
   HOOK_DIE           - called when Eggdrop is about to die

char *module_unload (char *module_name);
char *module_load (char *module_name);

  Tries to load or unload the specified module; returns 0 on success, or
  an error message.

void add_tcl_commands(tcl_cmds *tab);
void rem_tcl_commands(tcl_cmds *tab);

  Provides a quick way to create and remove a table of Tcl commands. The
  table is in the form of:

    {char *func_name, Function *function_to_call}

  Use { NULL, NULL } to indicate the end of the list.

void add_tcl_ints(tcl_ints *);
void rem_tcl_ints(tcl_ints *);

  Provides a quick way to create and remove a table of links from C
  int variables to Tcl variables (add_tcl_ints checks to see if the Tcl
  variable exists and copies it over the C one). The format of table is:

    {char *variable_name, int *variable, int readonly}

  Use {NULL, NULL, 0} to indicate the end of the list.

void add_tcl_strings(tcl_strings *);
void rem_tcl_strings(tcl_strings *);

  Provides a quick way to create and remove a table of links from C
  string variables to Tcl variables (add_tcl_ints checks to see if the
  Tcl variable exists and copies it over the C one). The format of table
  is:

    {char *variable_name, char *string, int length, int flags}

  Use {NULL, NULL, 0, 0} to indicate the end of the list. Use 0 for
  length if you want a const string. Use STR_DIR for flags if you want a
  '/' constantly appended; use STR_PROTECT if you want the variable set
  in the config file, but not during normal usage.

void add_builtins(p_tcl_hash_list table, cmd_t *cc);
void rem_builtins(p_tcl_hash_list table, cmd_t *cc);

  This adds binds to one of Eggdrop's bind tables. The format of the
  table is:

    {char *command, char *flags, Function *function, char *displayname}

  Use {NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL} to indicate the end of the list.

  This works EXACTLY like the Tcl 'bind' command. displayname is what Tcl
  sees this function's proc name as (in .binds all).

  function is called with exactly the same args as a Tcl binding is with
  type conversion taken into account (e.g. idx's are ints). Return values
  are much the same as Tcl bindings. Use int 0/1 for those which require
  0/1, or char * for those which require a string (auch as filt). Return
  nothing if no return value is required.

void putlog (int logmode, char *channel, char *format, ...)

  Adds text to a logfile (determined by logmode and channel). This text
  will also output to any users' consoles if they have the specified
  console mode enabled.

What to do with a module?

If you have written a module and feel that you wish to share it with the rest of the Eggdrop community, find us in #eggdrop on Libera. Make sure you have a nice descriptive text (modulename.desc) to describe it, and make sure to mention in your text file which version Eggdrop the module is written for.